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|English Name:||Orlistat||Dosage:||120mg Per Day|
|Usage:||Weight Loss||CAS Number:||96829-58-2|
|Synonyms||(S)-2-FORMYLAMINO-4-METHYL-PENTANOIC ACID (S)-1-[[(2S,3S)-3-HEXYL-4-OXO-2-OXETANYL]METHYL]-DODECYL ESTER;RO-18-0647;(-)-TETRAHYDROLIPSTATIN;ORLISTAT;N-FORMYL-L-LEUCINE (1S)-1-[[(2S,3S)-3-HEXYL-4-OXO-2-OXETANYL]METHYL]DODECYL ESTER;XENICAL;(-)-Tetrahydrolipstatin(EquivalentToOrlistat);Orlipastat|
White Crystalline Powder
Orlistat is a white to off-white crystalline powder. Orlistat is practically insoluble in water, freely soluble in chloroform, and very soluble in methanol and ethanol. Orlistat has no pKa within the physiological pH range.
Orlistat is a drug that promotes loss of weight by preventing the digestion and absorption of fat in food. In the intestine, an enzyme called lipase (produced primarily by the pancreas) breaks apart fat in food so that it can be absorbed into the body. Orlistat blocks the action of lipase and thereby prevents the breakup and absorption of fat.
This medication is used along with a doctor-approved reduced-calorie diet, exercise, and behavior modification program to help significantly overweight (obese) persons lose weight. Taking orlistat can also help prevent you from regaining the weight you have lost. Losing weight and keeping it off can reduce the many health risks that obesity causes, including heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, some forms of cancer, certain breathing problems, and a shorter life span.
Dietary fats need to be broken down into smaller pieces before the body can absorb them. Orlistat works by blocking the enzyme that breaks down fats in your diet. This undigested fat then passes out of your body in your bowel movement. Orlistat does not block the absorption of calories from sugar and other non-fat foods, so you still need to restrict your total intake of calories.
Orlistat blocks some of the fat that you eat, keeping it from being absorbed by your body. Orlistat is used to aid in weight loss, or to help reduce the risk of regaining weight already lost. This medicine must be used together with a reduced-calorie diet. Orlistat is for use only in adults. Orlistat (prescription and nonprescription) is used with an individualized low-calorie, low-fat diet and exercise program to help people lose weight.
Prescription orlistat is used in overweight people who may also have high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, or heart disease. Orlistat is also used after weight-loss to help people keep from gaining back that weight. Orlistat is in a class of medications called lipase inhibitors. It works by preventing some of the fat in foods eaten from being absorbed in the intestines. This unabsorbed fat is then removed from the body in the stool.
Fat Loss Effect
Orlistat is used for the treatment of obesity. The amount of weight loss achieved with orlistat varies. In one-year clinical trials, between 35.5% and 54.8% of subjects achieved a 5% or greater decrease in body mass, although not all of this mass was necessarily fat. Between 16.4% and 24.8% achieved at least a 10% decrease in body fat.After orlistat was stopped, a significant number of subjects regained weight-up to 35% of the weight they had lost.
The incidence of type 2 diabetes in an obese population over four years is decreased with orlistat (6.2%) compared to placebo (9.0%).Long-term use of orlistat also leads to a modest reduction in blood pressure (mean reductions of 2.5 and 1.9 mmHg in systolic and diastolic blood pressure respectively).
Orlistat is usually taken 3 times a day during every meal containing fat. The average dosage is a 120mg per day. Due to the fact that Xenical may decrease the absorption of vitamins and it is useful to take a multivitamin once a day at bedtime. While taking this drug bodybuilders and athletes should follow their diet, medication, and exercise routines very closely.
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